Anorexia (ANA)- Anorexia nervosa is an illness that usually occurs
in teenage girls, but it can also occur in teenage boys, and adult women and men. People with anorexia are obsessed
with being thin. They lose a lot of weight and are terrified of gaining weight. They believe they are fat even though they
are very thin. Anorexia isn't just a problem with food or weight. It's an attempt to use food and weight to deal with emotional
Bulimia (MIA)- Bulimia is eating a lot of food at once (called bingeing),
and then throwing up or using laxatives to remove the food from the body (called purging). After a binge, some bulimics
fast (don't eat) or overexercise to keep from gaining weight. People with bulimia may also use water pills, laxatives or diet
pills to "control" their weight. People with bulimia often try to hide their bingeing and purging. They may hide food for
binges. Bulimics are usually close to normal weight, but their weight may go up and down.
Compulsive Over Exercising (COE)- People suffering from COE will exercise
beyond what is necessarily or safe. In the same way that someone with BED will eat emotionally, someone with COE may exercise
in order to deal with stress, anger, sadness, and other negative emotions. This disorder should not be confused with
the exercise purge of some anorexics and bulimics. These bouts of binge exercising do not occur at the same time as starvation
behaviour or binge eating.
Earing Disorder Not Other Specified (ED-NOS)- This category is for disorders
of eating that do not meet the criteria for any specific eating disorder. Examples include:
-- For women, all symptoms
of Anorexia Nervosa are present except that the individual has regular periods.
-- All of the criteria for Anorexia Nervosa
are met except that, despite significant weight loss, the individual's current weight is still in the normal range.
All of the criteria for Bulimia Nervosa are met except that the binge-eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviors occur
at a frequency of less than twice a week or for a duration of less than three months.
-- The regular use of inappropriate
compensatory behavior by an individual of normal body weight after eating small amounts of food (i.e. self-induced vomiting
after the consumption of two cookies).
-- Repeatedly chewing and spitting out, not swallowing, large amounts of food.
Binge Eating Disorder (BED)- Binge eating disorder
(BED) is the newest clinically recognized eating disorder. BED is primarily identified by repeated episodes of uncontrolled
eating. The overeating or bingeing does not typically stop until the person is uncomfortably full. Unlike anorexia nervosa
and bulimia nervosa, however, BED is not associated with inappropriate behaviors such as vomiting or excessive exercise to
rid the body of extra food. The illness usually begins in late adolescence or in the early 20s, often coming soon after significant
weight loss from dieting. Some researchers believe that BED is the most common eating disorder, affecting 15% - 50% of participants
in weight control programs. In these programs, women are more likely to have BED than males. Current findings suggest that
BED affects 0.7% - 4% of the general population.3 To the lay person, BED can be difficult to distinguish from
other causes of obesity. However, the overeating in individuals with BED is often accompanied by feeling out of control and
followed by feelings of depression, guilt, or disgust